Climate change impact 'being felt'

Thurrock Gazette: The report on the impacts of climate change said rising temperatures are expected to lead to more droughts and heatwaves The report on the impacts of climate change said rising temperatures are expected to lead to more droughts and heatwaves

Climate change is already having an impact across the world in areas ranging from human health to agriculture and wildlife, a major international report has found.

Rising temperatures will increasingly threaten security, health and food supplies, and exacerbate poverty and damage species and habitats, the report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned.

The world is in "an era of man-made climate change" and has already seen impacts of global warming on every continent and across the oceans.

And experts warned that in many cases, people are ill prepared to cope with the risks of a changing climate.

The world has seen changes in recent decades to water resources as a result of melting glaciers and differences in rainfall, and reductions in wheat and maize yields.

There has been a decrease in the number of people dying from the cold but an increase in heat-related deaths in some areas, such as England and Wales, the report suggested.

Species including fish stocks are shifting their ranges, coral reefs are being damaged and wildfires are becoming more frequent.

The report on the impacts of climate change said rising temperatures are expected to lead to increased risk of flooding, more droughts and heatwaves, drive species extinct and cause forests to die in many regions of the world.

Food security will be hit by reduced yields in the major crops of wheat, rice and maize, while climate change will also exacerbate existing health problems, and lead to more heat wave-related deaths, malnutrition and disease.

Increasing numbers of people are set to be displaced by extreme weather events, and the impacts of rising temperatures could help increase the risk of violent conflicts by worsening problems such as poverty, the report said.

Recent extremes such as heat waves, droughts, floods and wildfires show how vulnerable humans are to variations in climate, the study warned.

While the impacts of climate change can be limited by action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and by adapting to the changes, in many cases the world is ill-prepared to cope with the effects of rising temperatures.

And the greater the rise in temperatures, the more likely the world is to see severe and widespread impacts, or even reach "tipping points" which trigger abrupt and irreversible changes to the planet.

In the wake of the report's publication there were renewed calls from scientists and campaigners for action to cut greenhouse gases and to help vulnerable people adapt to already-unavoidable impacts of climate change.

Vicente Barros, co-chair of the IPCC study on climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation, from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina said: "We live in an era of man-made climate change.

"In many cases, we are not prepared for the climate-related risks that we already face. Investments in better preparation can pay dividends both for the present and for the future."

In Europe, there will be increased economic losses and more people affected by flooding in river basins and coasts, in the face of rising sea levels and heavy rainstorms.

Most of the flood damage can be avoided by measures such as flood defences, but the costs of increasing protection will be high.

There will also be a reduction in water availability from rivers and groundwater, while increased heatwaves will damage human health and well-being, crop production and increase air pollution and the risk of wildfires in southern Europe and parts of Russia.

Professor Corinne Le Qur, director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at University of East Anglia said: "The human influence on climate change is clear.

"The atmosphere and oceans are warming, the snow cover is shrinking, the Arctic sea ice is melting, sea levels are rising, the oceans are acidifying, some extreme weather events are on the rise, ecosystems and natural habitats will be upset.

"Climate change threatens food security and world economies.

"We need rapid and substantial cuts in carbon emissions and a move away from burning fossil fuels if we are to limit global climate change below two degrees and mitigate these impacts."

Professor Sam Fankhauser, of the London School of Economics and a contributing author to the report said: "In the UK and the rest of northern Europe, we will need to cope with increasing risks from coastal and inland flooding, heat waves and droughts.

"The UK and all rich countries must also provide significant support to help poor countries, which are particularly vulnerable, to cope with the impacts of climate change."

The report from the IPCC forms the second part of a wide-ranging review of the evidence surrounding climate change.

The first part of the "fifth assessment report" which looked at the science of climate change, concluding there was a 95% chance that humans were responsible for the majority of global warming, was published last year.

The second part of the study drew on contributions from hundreds of experts from 70 countries, and more than 1,700 expert and government reviewers.

Comments (11)

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11:36am Mon 31 Mar 14

billmay says...

The south east of England is sinking naturally since the end of the Ice-age.London can't be allowed to sink -it just can'! Our government has to follow this IPCC -Man-made 'Climate change' idea because of facts like this.32000 scientists sent a signed petition to the IPCC,refuting the whole hypothesis,but this was ignored by them.We are being deceived by self -serving pompous people who know that they hold the whip hand.WAKE UP EVERYBODY!!The North pole ice is NOT melting,(a fleet of ships, sent to use the North-west passage, had to turn back as it was blocked by ice!) .Ships were also locked in ice in Antarctica whilst 'proving' a similar thing. Let's get wise!!
The south east of England is sinking naturally since the end of the Ice-age.London can't be allowed to sink -it just can'! Our government has to follow this IPCC -Man-made 'Climate change' idea because of facts like this.32000 scientists sent a signed petition to the IPCC,refuting the whole hypothesis,but this was ignored by them.We are being deceived by self -serving pompous people who know that they hold the whip hand.WAKE UP EVERYBODY!!The North pole ice is NOT melting,(a fleet of ships, sent to use the North-west passage, had to turn back as it was blocked by ice!) .Ships were also locked in ice in Antarctica whilst 'proving' a similar thing. Let's get wise!! billmay
  • Score: -1

12:39pm Mon 31 Mar 14

welshmen says...

The more Reports the more people will believe in the GREEN SCAM, no doubt they all got a very lucrative Grant to keep them in plenty of GREEN CASH, the climate changes regardless, it's just easy, for any government to take MORE money off us, and more important robbing the NHS and other Care Departments with GREEN GAS levies....
The more Reports the more people will believe in the GREEN SCAM, no doubt they all got a very lucrative Grant to keep them in plenty of GREEN CASH, the climate changes regardless, it's just easy, for any government to take MORE money off us, and more important robbing the NHS and other Care Departments with GREEN GAS levies.... welshmen
  • Score: -1

1:25pm Mon 31 Mar 14

Cymo says...

Billmay needs to learn the difference between climate and weather. I don't know where he got his 32000 scientists from - obviously from various oil companies with a vested interested in keeping people in thrall to dirty energy. Climate and weather are very complicated phenomena, but the basic physics behind them is simple and incontrivertible. The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has rocketed exponentially since the industrial revolution. CO2 causes the air to heat up, which increases the temperature of the oceans. Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones can only form after the ocean temperate exceeds a certain value, so warmer oceans mean more frequent and more severe weather events. Warmer oceans also mean more evaporation of water (i.e. rain) hence flooding from rivers will increase. As for the polar caps and other glaciers, satellite imagery has shown a steady decline during the last century. There is no green scam - this government is sticking it's head in the sand, propped up by oil industry money, refusing to allow us to develop sustainable energy, and keeping us dependant on the middle-east and Russia for energy.
Billmay needs to learn the difference between climate and weather. I don't know where he got his 32000 scientists from - obviously from various oil companies with a vested interested in keeping people in thrall to dirty energy. Climate and weather are very complicated phenomena, but the basic physics behind them is simple and incontrivertible. The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has rocketed exponentially since the industrial revolution. CO2 causes the air to heat up, which increases the temperature of the oceans. Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones can only form after the ocean temperate exceeds a certain value, so warmer oceans mean more frequent and more severe weather events. Warmer oceans also mean more evaporation of water (i.e. rain) hence flooding from rivers will increase. As for the polar caps and other glaciers, satellite imagery has shown a steady decline during the last century. There is no green scam - this government is sticking it's head in the sand, propped up by oil industry money, refusing to allow us to develop sustainable energy, and keeping us dependant on the middle-east and Russia for energy. Cymo
  • Score: 2

10:00pm Mon 31 Mar 14

mixxer says...

Cymo needs to learn the difference between agenda driven conjecture and scientific hypothesis. Yes the Earth is warming but increasing levels of CO2 are probably NOT the main reason. A knowledge of astrophysics and more specifically, Solar physics, will enlighten him to the fact that a stars radiation flux is variable and the Sun is currently going through a phase of increase in this regard.
The "man-made Global Warming" issue could be considered to be nothing but a scam allowing governments to introduce "flight taxes", "fuel duties", "car taxes" etc. etc. Consider this question; If holiday flights and private cars are such a threat to the future of life on Earth, why haven't they been banned?
Cymo needs to learn the difference between agenda driven conjecture and scientific hypothesis. Yes the Earth is warming but increasing levels of CO2 are probably NOT the main reason. A knowledge of astrophysics and more specifically, Solar physics, will enlighten him to the fact that a stars radiation flux is variable and the Sun is currently going through a phase of increase in this regard. The "man-made Global Warming" issue could be considered to be nothing but a scam allowing governments to introduce "flight taxes", "fuel duties", "car taxes" etc. etc. Consider this question; If holiday flights and private cars are such a threat to the future of life on Earth, why haven't they been banned? mixxer
  • Score: -1

10:48pm Mon 31 Mar 14

Cymo says...

The Sun is a very stable star, or we wouldn't be here discusing it - the variation in solar radiation is only 0.1-0.2%, not enough to account for recent rapid warming. Reputable scientists all agree that the most likely reason for this is human activties.
Mixxer asks, if that is so, why haven't holiday flights and private cars been banned - the answer to that is obvious, people are too selfish to give up their priveliged life-styles. You only have to look at smoking - it's been known for decades that it causes lung cancer, heart disease and multitudes of other health problems, but the government won't ban it, because a ban would be unworkable (like prohibition in the US), because too many people are addicted, and the tobacco lobby is too powerful
The Sun is a very stable star, or we wouldn't be here discusing it - the variation in solar radiation is only 0.1-0.2%, not enough to account for recent rapid warming. Reputable scientists all agree that the most likely reason for this is human activties. Mixxer asks, if that is so, why haven't holiday flights and private cars been banned - the answer to that is obvious, people are too selfish to give up their priveliged life-styles. You only have to look at smoking - it's been known for decades that it causes lung cancer, heart disease and multitudes of other health problems, but the government won't ban it, because a ban would be unworkable (like prohibition in the US), because too many people are addicted, and the tobacco lobby is too powerful Cymo
  • Score: 1

6:05pm Tue 1 Apr 14

mixxer says...

Yes, the Sun is stable compared to most stars but like all things in nature it is not static. Solar activity varies considerably leading to ice ages as well as "heat ages", you cannot accept incidence of the former without accepting incidence of the latter. Radio-carbon data emphatically proves that solar activity has been on the increase for 300 years and is now at a point higher than at any time in the last 800 years. No "reputable scientist" would deny that this is having a significant effect on the Earth's climate.
With regard to my question about holiday flights and private car usage, I was asking about a compulsory not voluntary ban.
Yes, the Sun is stable compared to most stars but like all things in nature it is not static. Solar activity varies considerably leading to ice ages as well as "heat ages", you cannot accept incidence of the former without accepting incidence of the latter. Radio-carbon data emphatically proves that solar activity has been on the increase for 300 years and is now at a point higher than at any time in the last 800 years. No "reputable scientist" would deny that this is having a significant effect on the Earth's climate. With regard to my question about holiday flights and private car usage, I was asking about a compulsory not voluntary ban. mixxer
  • Score: -1

9:36pm Tue 1 Apr 14

Cymo says...

Ice ages are cyclical, and caused by precession and changes in inclination of the Earth's axis, and obliquity of the orbit, which vary on timescales of tens of thousands of years. Solar activity varies on an 11 year cycle, and has absolutely no effect on ice ages.
Ice ages are cyclical, and caused by precession and changes in inclination of the Earth's axis, and obliquity of the orbit, which vary on timescales of tens of thousands of years. Solar activity varies on an 11 year cycle, and has absolutely no effect on ice ages. Cymo
  • Score: 2

10:21pm Tue 1 Apr 14

mixxer says...

True, most ice ages are a consequence of the Earth's axial perturbations rather than solar effects but not all. The 11 year solar cycle you mention is merely the more well known due to being evidenced by easily identified sunspot activity but not what I was referring to. There are other, longer term, cycles in progress which do have a more significant effect on the Earth's climate and I can only repeat that there is irrefutable evidence, via Carbon14 analysis, that solar activity is at a level not seen for over 800 years with the most significant increase occurring over the last 100 years. I suggest you do further research on the issue of global warming exploring ALL possible causes rather than just that which has prominence in popular media.
True, most ice ages are a consequence of the Earth's axial perturbations rather than solar effects but not all. The 11 year solar cycle you mention is merely the more well known due to being evidenced by easily identified sunspot activity but not what I was referring to. There are other, longer term, cycles in progress which do have a more significant effect on the Earth's climate and I can only repeat that there is irrefutable evidence, via Carbon14 analysis, that solar activity is at a level not seen for over 800 years with the most significant increase occurring over the last 100 years. I suggest you do further research on the issue of global warming exploring ALL possible causes rather than just that which has prominence in popular media. mixxer
  • Score: 0

9:36pm Sun 6 Apr 14

save energy says...

IPCC chairman, Rajendra K. Pachauri, admitted in an interview ( 19 Sept 2013) with the London Guardian, - http://www.theguardi
an.com/environment/2
013/sep/19/ipcc-chai
rman-climate-report - that the IPCC science reports are tailored to meet the political needs of governments. He said – ( “We are an intergovernmental body and we do what the governments of the world want us to do. If the governments decide we should do things differently and come up with a vastly different set of products we would be at their beck and call.” ) -

Believe the data not the politics !!

So let’s Ignore the politics & look at the science of -

CO² induced Catastrophic Climate Change.

1 - To put the “carbon” scare into perspective: CO2 has increased from about 3 parts in 10,000, to only 4 parts in 10,000 — in 150 years. -
CO2 is a very tiny trace gas, currently just 0.000397 of the atmosphere, but it is essential to all life on earth. At current and projected concentrations, more CO2 is better. There is no scientific evidence proving that CO2 is anything but a completely harmless trace gas, which is very beneficial to the biosphere. -
CO2 has been up to 20X higher in the past, when life on earth flourished & the planet was REALLY green.

2 - Global mean temperature change
Look at This chart - http://tinyurl.com/p
538a54 showing ‘IPCC climate model projections’ versus ‘Observed climate data’.( Met office data sets) + CO² levels.
Red = IPCC climate model projections. (+1.67°C/century)
Black = Observed climate data.( Met office data )
Grey = CO2 ppm.
Blue = global mean temperature change. (-0.30°C/century)

& if 9yrs is too short for you…..how about 354 years of met office data –

This chart @ - http://tinyurl.com/n
jwnor8 shows central England temps from 1659-2013.
Take note of 1695- 1735 (40yrs) - a 2°C rise occurred.
What happened in that time? Farming & food production expanded exponentially, health improved, and the age of enlightenment really took off.

The next 2°C rise took 121yrs (1892-2013), what happened in that time?
Massive industrialization & us.

Has that all made a difference ??
Well - 2013 was the same temperature as 1666 !!!....with a few fluctuations in-between.

For the met office data sets, see – http://tinyurl.com/8
727btc

(Thanks to Paul Homewood & Anthony Watts for charts)
IPCC chairman, Rajendra K. Pachauri, admitted in an interview ( 19 Sept 2013) with the London Guardian, - http://www.theguardi an.com/environment/2 013/sep/19/ipcc-chai rman-climate-report - that the IPCC science reports are tailored to meet the political needs of governments. He said – ( “We are an intergovernmental body and we do what the governments of the world want us to do. If the governments decide we should do things differently and come up with a vastly different set of products we would be at their beck and call.” ) - Believe the data not the politics !! So let’s Ignore the politics & look at the science of - CO² induced Catastrophic Climate Change. 1 - To put the “carbon” scare into perspective: CO2 has increased from about 3 parts in 10,000, to only 4 parts in 10,000 — in 150 years. - CO2 is a very tiny trace gas, currently just 0.000397 of the atmosphere, but it is essential to all life on earth. At current and projected concentrations, more CO2 is better. There is no scientific evidence proving that CO2 is anything but a completely harmless trace gas, which is very beneficial to the biosphere. - CO2 has been up to 20X higher in the past, when life on earth flourished & the planet was REALLY green. 2 - Global mean temperature change Look at This chart - http://tinyurl.com/p 538a54 showing ‘IPCC climate model projections’ versus ‘Observed climate data’.( Met office data sets) + CO² levels. Red = IPCC climate model projections. (+1.67°C/century) Black = Observed climate data.( Met office data ) Grey = CO2 ppm. Blue = global mean temperature change. (-0.30°C/century) & if 9yrs is too short for you…..how about 354 years of met office data – This chart @ - http://tinyurl.com/n jwnor8 shows central England temps from 1659-2013. Take note of 1695- 1735 (40yrs) - a 2°C rise occurred. What happened in that time? Farming & food production expanded exponentially, health improved, and the age of enlightenment really took off. The next 2°C rise took 121yrs (1892-2013), what happened in that time? Massive industrialization & us. Has that all made a difference ?? Well - 2013 was the same temperature as 1666 !!!....with a few fluctuations in-between. For the met office data sets, see – http://tinyurl.com/8 727btc (Thanks to Paul Homewood & Anthony Watts for charts) save energy
  • Score: 0

10:43pm Mon 5 May 14

Dan Soton says...

Professor Corinne says "We need rapid and substantial cuts in carbon emissions and a move away from burning fossil fuels...


Here's something that might speed the process on.. In a few years from now I hope to have a phone with an Air Pollution App which will tell me if Southampton's traffic pollution is exceeding EU legal limits if so it will automatically fine all the reasonable parties...

Read on.. The EU is backing ( Doable Project) low cost continuous pollution monitoring via mobile phones..



YOU AND I WILL MONITOR THE ENVIRONMENT

Environmental information about CO2, airborne dust and pollen will no longer be collected only at isolated measuring stations. From now on, cyclists, bus drivers and the man in the street will be able to do their bit.

Twenty portable sensors will be issued to volunteers in the city and to employees such as traffic wardens who are exposed to urban pollution at work.

By Åse Dragland

24 Feb 2014

"AT PRESENT, ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENTS ARE MADE USING EXPENSIVE STATIONS SPREAD AROUND THE COUNTRY. HOWEVER, NOW THAT EVERYBODY HAS A MOBILE PHONE, AND WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY, WE OURSELVES CAN CONTRIBUTE WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF DATA," SAYS ARNE BERRE AT SINTEF ICT.

"More and better information is particularly valuable on days of high pollution or high pollen counts. Making their own measurements will get the general public involved in their own environment. Everybody can now receive useful feedback about the conditions around us.

"TECHNOLOGY WILL BE DEVELOPED BY WAY OF THE EU PROJECTS CITI-SENSE AND CITI-SENSE-MOB. THESE WILL ENABLE ORDINARY PEOPLE TO COLLECT ENVIRONMENTAL DATA. Research scientists from the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) and SINTEF are already well under way with the Norwegian contribution."

SENSORS ABOARD BUSES

"We are now having discussions with Oslo Municipality about fitting buses with sensors to measure air quality along the roads. The bus drivers themselves will also find this information useful as they will see how acceleration and driving style affects the results and can learn to drive in a more ecologically friendly way" says Berre.

Magne Elvik, Operations Manager at Nobina Oslo Vest, confirms that sensors will be tested aboard two gas-powered buses at the beginning of April on routes around Grorud, Sinsen and Oslo Central Station, as well as out to Fornebu. If the tests go according to plan, a further eight buses will be included in the experiment.

ON STREETLAMPS AND ELECTRIC BIKES

Last year was mostly dedicated to testing new technology and getting everything to function so that data could be obtained for later use. The actual measurements will take place in the coming months.

Nuria Castell at NILU says that a total of 40 static sensors will be deployed in Oslo. "Air quality is a matter of public concern in Norway, too," she says. "We will fit sensors to streetlamps, for example, to cover city centre areas where pollution is high, and will also monitor neighbourhoods adjacent to Ring Roads 2 and 3, and at Bygdøy.

Twenty portable sensors will be issued to volunteers in the city and to employees such as traffic wardens who are exposed to urban pollution at work. The citizens of Oslo will also be able to measure air quality when cycling, and at least one sensor will be fitted to an electric bike.

"Admittedly there have been some delays," Castell confirms, "But we are starting this spring with two buses, a bicycle and five fixed sensors. By the end of the summer we aim to have full distribution involving more buses, and in the autumn all the fixed sensors will be installed, as well as those carried by people. Measurements will then be carried out in the city throughout 2015."

LAPEL BUTTONS

In December, SINTEF tested hand-held units for collecting weather and wind data as well as a small lapel button (see video) for measuring UV radiation.

"We have now sent the equipment to Bilbao for large-scale testing," says Arne Berre.

This is because around thirty partners in Europe are busy with measurements and tests. Among other things, they will provide both indoor and outdoor measurements of CO2 levels in schools. With such a large amount of data, the EU will be able to make comparisons and obtain a basis for developing joint solutions as well as for sharing technology.

The next step will deal with how to successfully involve people in future by means of user participation and work groups. The plan is to test the technology with selected individuals in 2014 and then make it more generally available during 2015.

See the www.citi-sense.eu and www.citi-sense-mob.e
u websites for further information.

KEY FACTS:

• The EU's Citi-Sense environmental project (2012-2016) will measure the pollution to which individual citizens are exposed. This is achieved using mini-sensors and other electronic equipment to collect environmental data for an online data register. The objective of the project is to improve quality of life in towns and cities. The project attempts to motivate the local population and improve awareness. 27 partner institutions from nine cities in Europe are involved. The project is headed by NILU.

• The EU's Citi-Sense-MOB project will run from 2013 to 2015 and involves installing sensors on mobile platforms (buses and bicycles) to make regular measurements. Each of the four Norwegian partners has its own principal focus – NILU on the quality of sensor data, SINTEF on integration towards global standards and data visualisation, Kjeller Innovation on the use of sensor data in other applications and UNIK on user involvement.

• THE SENSORS ARE MANUFACTURED BY VARIOUS EUROPEAN COMPANIES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, SERBIA AND SPAIN.


http://www.sintef.no
/home/Press-Room/Res
earch-News/You-and-I
-will-monitor-the-en
vironment/



,,,
Professor Corinne says "We need rapid and substantial cuts in carbon emissions and a move away from burning fossil fuels... Here's something that might speed the process on.. In a few years from now I hope to have a phone with an Air Pollution App which will tell me if Southampton's traffic pollution is exceeding EU legal limits if so it will automatically fine all the reasonable parties... Read on.. The EU is backing ( Doable Project) low cost continuous pollution monitoring via mobile phones.. YOU AND I WILL MONITOR THE ENVIRONMENT Environmental information about CO2, airborne dust and pollen will no longer be collected only at isolated measuring stations. From now on, cyclists, bus drivers and the man in the street will be able to do their bit. Twenty portable sensors will be issued to volunteers in the city and to employees such as traffic wardens who are exposed to urban pollution at work. By Åse Dragland 24 Feb 2014 "AT PRESENT, ENVIRONMENTAL MEASUREMENTS ARE MADE USING EXPENSIVE STATIONS SPREAD AROUND THE COUNTRY. HOWEVER, NOW THAT EVERYBODY HAS A MOBILE PHONE, AND WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY, WE OURSELVES CAN CONTRIBUTE WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF DATA," SAYS ARNE BERRE AT SINTEF ICT. "More and better information is particularly valuable on days of high pollution or high pollen counts. Making their own measurements will get the general public involved in their own environment. Everybody can now receive useful feedback about the conditions around us. "TECHNOLOGY WILL BE DEVELOPED BY WAY OF THE EU PROJECTS CITI-SENSE AND CITI-SENSE-MOB. THESE WILL ENABLE ORDINARY PEOPLE TO COLLECT ENVIRONMENTAL DATA. Research scientists from the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) and SINTEF are already well under way with the Norwegian contribution." SENSORS ABOARD BUSES "We are now having discussions with Oslo Municipality about fitting buses with sensors to measure air quality along the roads. The bus drivers themselves will also find this information useful as they will see how acceleration and driving style affects the results and can learn to drive in a more ecologically friendly way" says Berre. Magne Elvik, Operations Manager at Nobina Oslo Vest, confirms that sensors will be tested aboard two gas-powered buses at the beginning of April on routes around Grorud, Sinsen and Oslo Central Station, as well as out to Fornebu. If the tests go according to plan, a further eight buses will be included in the experiment. ON STREETLAMPS AND ELECTRIC BIKES Last year was mostly dedicated to testing new technology and getting everything to function so that data could be obtained for later use. The actual measurements will take place in the coming months. Nuria Castell at NILU says that a total of 40 static sensors will be deployed in Oslo. "Air quality is a matter of public concern in Norway, too," she says. "We will fit sensors to streetlamps, for example, to cover city centre areas where pollution is high, and will also monitor neighbourhoods adjacent to Ring Roads 2 and 3, and at Bygdøy. Twenty portable sensors will be issued to volunteers in the city and to employees such as traffic wardens who are exposed to urban pollution at work. The citizens of Oslo will also be able to measure air quality when cycling, and at least one sensor will be fitted to an electric bike. "Admittedly there have been some delays," Castell confirms, "But we are starting this spring with two buses, a bicycle and five fixed sensors. By the end of the summer we aim to have full distribution involving more buses, and in the autumn all the fixed sensors will be installed, as well as those carried by people. Measurements will then be carried out in the city throughout 2015." LAPEL BUTTONS In December, SINTEF tested hand-held units for collecting weather and wind data as well as a small lapel button (see video) for measuring UV radiation. "We have now sent the equipment to Bilbao for large-scale testing," says Arne Berre. This is because around thirty partners in Europe are busy with measurements and tests. Among other things, they will provide both indoor and outdoor measurements of CO2 levels in schools. With such a large amount of data, the EU will be able to make comparisons and obtain a basis for developing joint solutions as well as for sharing technology. The next step will deal with how to successfully involve people in future by means of user participation and work groups. The plan is to test the technology with selected individuals in 2014 and then make it more generally available during 2015. See the www.citi-sense.eu and www.citi-sense-mob.e u websites for further information. KEY FACTS: • The EU's Citi-Sense environmental project (2012-2016) will measure the pollution to which individual citizens are exposed. This is achieved using mini-sensors and other electronic equipment to collect environmental data for an online data register. The objective of the project is to improve quality of life in towns and cities. The project attempts to motivate the local population and improve awareness. 27 partner institutions from nine cities in Europe are involved. The project is headed by NILU. • The EU's Citi-Sense-MOB project will run from 2013 to 2015 and involves installing sensors on mobile platforms (buses and bicycles) to make regular measurements. Each of the four Norwegian partners has its own principal focus – NILU on the quality of sensor data, SINTEF on integration towards global standards and data visualisation, Kjeller Innovation on the use of sensor data in other applications and UNIK on user involvement. • THE SENSORS ARE MANUFACTURED BY VARIOUS EUROPEAN COMPANIES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, SERBIA AND SPAIN. http://www.sintef.no /home/Press-Room/Res earch-News/You-and-I -will-monitor-the-en vironment/ ,,, Dan Soton
  • Score: 0

12:45am Tue 6 May 14

Cymo says...

Yes monitoring is good, but we also need action. Would you lie in a bath with the taps running, holding a ruler while the water rises over your head?
Yes monitoring is good, but we also need action. Would you lie in a bath with the taps running, holding a ruler while the water rises over your head? Cymo
  • Score: 1
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